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APA Citation Guide: In-Text Citation

This guide shows you how to cite references in current (7th edition) APA style

Citing Scholarly Journal Articles

Citing a Scholarly Journal Article

  • Last name first followed by initials
  • Italicize journal name and volume number
  • Upper case for first letter of article title and subtitle, all other words, except proper nouns, should be lower case
  • First and last page number of article
  • Issue number, season, or month, are necessary only if journal is paginated by issue

Single Author

Kakhnovets, R. (2011). Relationships among personality, expectations about counseling, and help-seeking attitudes. Journal of Counseling & Development, 89, 11-19.

In-text: (Kakhnovets, 2011)

 Two Authors

  • List in order of appearance on title page
  • Use commas to separate authors
  • Use ampersand before last author

Logan, C., & Johnstone, L. (2010). Personality disorder and violence: Making the link through risk formulation. Journal of Personality Disorders, 24, 610-633.

In-text: (Logan & Johnstone, 2010)

In-Text Citation for Two or More Authors


Number of Authors/Editors

First Time Paraphrased

Second and Subsequent Times Paraphrased

First Time Quoting

Second and Subsequent Times Quoting


(Case & Daristotle, 2021)

(Case & Daristotle, 2021)

(Case & Daristotle, 2021, p. 57)

(Case & Daristotle, 2021, p. 57)

Three or more

(Case et al.,2021)              

(Case et al., 2021)

(Case et al., 2021, p. 57)                

(Case et al., 2021, p. 57)

Twenty-one or more authors:

List the first nineteen authors followed by three spaced ellipse points (. . .) , and then the last author's name.


Nilsson, E., Kanamitsu, M., Kistler, R., Collins, W., Deaven, D., Gandin, L., Iredell, M., Sha, S., White, G., Woollen, J., Zhu, Y., Chelliah, M., Ebisuzaki, W., Higgins, W., Janowiak, J., Mo, K. C., Ropepelewski, C., Wang, J., Leetmaa, A., ... Joesph, D. (2021). The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 77(3), 437-471.

In-Text Paraphrase

(First author's last name et al., Year)

Example: (Nilsson et al., 2021)

In-Text Quote

(First author's last name et al., Year, p. Page number quote is from)

Example: (Nilsson et al., 2021, p. 103)

No author 

For an in-text reference use the first few words of the article title. Place them between quotation marks. In the reference list alphabetize the citation by title.

("Deflecting immigration," 2006)

Journal paginated by issue, not by volume

Tell, D. (2004). Burke's encounter with ransom: Rhetoric and epistemology in "Four Master Tropes." Rhetoric Society Quarterly  34(4), 33-54.

 In-text: (Tell, 2004)


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