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What is Information Literacy?
literacy is an intellectual framework for identifying, finding, understanding,
evaluating and using information. It includes:
- Determining the nature and
extent of needed information
- Accessing information
effectively and efficiently
- Evaluating critically
information and its sources
- Incorporating selected
information in the learner's knowledge base and value system
- Using information effectively
to accomplish a specific purpose
- Understanding the economic,
legal and social issues surrounding the use of information and information
- Observing laws,
regulations, and institutional policies related to the access and use of
Commission on Higher Education, 2002 Characteristics of Excellence in Higher
Why is Information Literacy Important?
literacy is vital to all disciplines and to effective teaching and learning in
Institutions of higher education need to provide students and
instructors with the knowledge, skills, and tools to obtain information in many
formats and media in order to identify, retrieve, and apply relevant and valid
knowledge and information resources to their study, teaching, or research.
Information Literacy Standards
The Association of College and Research Libraries
(ACRL), a division of the American Library Association, has developed the
following standards for information literacy:
- Standard One: The information
literate student determines the nature and extent of the information
- Standard Two: The information
literate student accesses needed information effectively and efficiently.
- Standard Three: The information
literate student evaluates information and its sources critically and
incorporates selected information into his or her knowledge base and value
- Standard Four: The information
literate student, individually or as a member of a group, uses information
effectively to accomplish a specific purpose.
- Standard Five: The information
literate student understands many of the economic, legal, and social
issues surrounding the use of information and access and use information
ethically and legally.
For more information, please take a look at the Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education.