Skip to main content

Chicago Citation Style: Quoting and Paraphrasing

Direct Quotes

Direct Quotes

√ Incorporate text less than 100 words into your text

√ Place the quote in quotation marks

√ Include page reference in parenthesis after quotation mark

√ If quotation ends the sentence place parenthetical reference at end including page reference


While Fierro, Moreales, and Alvarez (2011) found that "no variables regarding the consumption of alcohol or illicit drugs associated with the experiences of being only a victim of road rage" (191), they did find a correlation with the consumption of alcohol and illicit drugs and being a perpetrator of road rage incidences.

While several studies have found a connection between alcohol and illicit drug consumption and perpetrating a road rage incident (Butters 2005, Ashbridge, 2006), one study (Fierro, Moreales, and Alvarez, 2011) has found "no variables regarding the consumption of alcohol or illicit drugs associated with the experiences of being only a victim of road rage." (191)

Quotation over 100 words

√ Start a new paragraph

√ Enter text as a free-standing block of text

√ Indent text on left margin by one half inch

√ Double space

√ Place the reference with page number(s) at the end of the quote after punctuation

√ Do not use quotation marks

Older men's somewhat delayed reduction in alcohol consumption relative to older women highlights the importance of health care providers continuing to monitor men's alcohol consumption. More broadly, out finding counter the widespread assumption that alcohol consumption and drinking problems invariably and rapidly decline past middle age and thus have limited relevance as late-life health issues, For many individuals, use of alcohol remains a consistent and important aspect of health status and social functioning even as they advance into later old age. (Brennan, Schutte, Moos, and Moos, 2011, 319)

√ Don't rely too heavily on the use of quotes in your paper.  Rather, employ the technique of rephrasing the cited idea into you own words

√ Please refer to the Chicago Manual of Style for further information on quotation style




√ Rephrasing another's ideas into you own words is known as paraphrasing

√ With paraphrasing you still do need to site the original resource

√ If you are borrowing heavily from a resource but still using you own words, add a reference.  You are citing the ideas!  Give credit where credit is due!


Subject Guide

Robert Battenfeld's picture
Robert Battenfeld

LIU Post
B. Davis Schwartz Memorial Library
Reference Office, Room 237
720 Northern Blvd.
Brookville, NY 11548